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Engravings by William Humphrys
Scrapbook of print specimens and proofs engraved by Philadelphia and London engraver William Humphrys. Contents include postage stamp proofs, book and periodical illustrations, tile pages, portrait prints, advertisements, and cut outs of banknote and certificate vignettes. Majority of graphics depict allegorical imagery or illustrations of genre, religious, sentimental, and literary scenes, some from the plays of Shakespeare. Illustrations include scenes of courtship; female friendship; children with animals; a ghoulish-looking woman with a torch; a European man smoking a hookah; Jesus Christ; Adam & Eve; and imagery from Edmund Spencer's "Faery Queen", John Milton's "Palemon's Story," and John Gay's "Thursday: or The Spell." Allegorical works depict the figures of Columbia, Minerva, Mercury, Neptune, Bounty, Agriculture, Commerce, Justice, Hope, and Apollo, as well as scenes with the American eagle; caducei for the "Liverpool Apothecaries Company"; citizens fighting a fire; cherubs charting a globe; Native Americans; a family; sailing ships; and symbols of farming, trade, and industry. Vignettes also show a portrait of Benjamin Franklin; Pocahontas saving John Smith; and a female warrior slaying a man of royalty captioned "Sic Semper Tyranus.", Portrait prints, some probably from the British periodical "Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country," depict Israel Putnam; George Washington; Gustavus Adolphus; Mrs. Sloman, of Covent Garden Theatre in the Character of Baltimore; Thomas Carlyle; William Dunlop; Letitia Elizabeth Landon; D. M. Moir; and Henry Purcell. Scrapbook also contains an 1844 banknote specimen of "La Provincia de Buenos Aires" illustrated with vignettes of ostriches; ca. 1845 postage stamp proof depicting Queen Victoria after the Chalon portrait; a full-length portait of an unidentified man, possibly Humphrys; and an advertisement for the Philadelphia artist Joshua Shaw showing a man leading his horse down a bucolic path, as well as engravings after his work of a landscape and an advertisement for Cohen's Lottery Exchange Office, Baltimore., Title from stamp on spine., Morocco binding., Various American and British artists, including W. Chatfield, John Opie, Joshua Shaw, Robert Smirke, C. R. Leslie, Charles L. Eastlake, W. E. West, George Smithard, Carlo Dola, A.E. Chalon, J. Wood, J. Stephanoff, Pastorini, Alfred Croquis (i.e., Daniel Maclise), A. F. Tireggi, John James Barralet, J. Banks, J. M. Wright, Thomas Stothard, P. Williams, Camille Roqueplan, and R. Westall., Various American and British printers and publishers, including H. S. Singleton, J. P. Davis, and James Fraser., Manuscript letter by Humphry completed January 10, 1865 to Anna Holloway pasted on opening page to scrapbook. Letter details his ill health, which in spite of, he still appreciates "the brightness of the sun, the greeness of the earth, and the beauty of extreme nature.", Some scrapbook pages contain manuscript notes identifying the genre of the specimen., Cataloging funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (PW-506-19-10), 2010-2012., William Humphrys (1795-1865), born in Dublin, immigrated to the United States early in his life and studied engraving under George Murray in Philadelphia. He worked as an engraver in the city circa 1815-1823 producing book illustrations, advertisements, and banknote and certificate vignettes. He also served as secretary for the Association of American Artists. Relocating to England, he produced similar work before returning to the United States in 1843. In 1845, he moved to Dublin to engrave "The Reading Magdalene" for the Royal Irish Art Union before returning to England where he worked as an engraver for the firm Perkin, Bacon, and Co. During this employ, he was noted for his re-engraving of the head of Queen Victoria for the 1 d postage stamp. Humphrys retired from engraving in his later years and worked as an accountant for the printing firm Novello & Co. He died at the Novellos' Genoa villa on January 21, 1865.

[Scrapbook of prints]
Scrapbook containing primarily engraved periodical illustrations issued between circa 1820 and 1852 from American publications, including "Wellman's Literary Miscellany" and "Sartain's Magazine." Illustrations predominantly depict sentimental, religious, and genre views, many after European paintings, and often including children and animals, predominantly dogs. Titles include The Village School; Sunday Morning; Samuel & Eli; The Invasion; Early Piety; Sunday Morning; Calumet, or the Christian Indian; Christ Healing the Sick; The Child and the Mastiff; The Reaper's Friend; Hawk and Dove; The Young Tutors; The Farmer's Daughter; Rural Life (Wellman's Literary Miscellany); Innocence and Roguery; The Magic Lake, a scene from The Pilgrim of Love, The Valley of Repose, and The Exiles at Babylon from Sartain's Magazine; The First Friend; and The Sermon on the Mount. Other illustrations, some vignette on mauve-colored paper, depict Philadelphia and regional landmarks, including Schuylkill Near Flat Rock; Gilpin Mills on the Brandywine; Andalusia, the seat of Nicholas Biddle, Esq.; The Residence of the Count de Survilliers (i.e., Joseph Bonaparte) Bordentown; Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia; and Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane. Also includes a tipped in miniature, embossed die cut of a vase of flowers., Patterned red paper binding., Artists and engravers include William Redmore Bigg; Thomas Birch; Hugh Bridport; J. G. Chapman; Thomas Doughty; George B. Ellis; Jean Augustin Franquelin; Hendemann; Illman & Sons; David G. Johnson; T. Kelley; J. B. Longacre; John B. Neagle; J. Holmes; F. Humphrys; W. Mason; John McArthur; Frederick Richard Pickersgill; J. W. Steel; Stuart & Fowler; W. E. Tucker; Henry Warren; Welch & Walter; Benjamin West; and Franz Winterhalter., Printers and publishers include Benjamin Rogers and Key & Biddle., Contains hand-colored title page printed "On stone by P.S. Duval's Lithy. Phila." and titled "Manchester Print Works. I. P. Wendell & Co. Philadelphia.", Some prints identified with title written in manuscript below image., Cataloging funded by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities (PW-506-19-10), 2010-2012., Housed in phase box., Contains several blank pages, many with glue marks.