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A. McCoy's House Village Green
Signed on the lower right corner, "W.F. Vache 71." On the back is an inscription, "A. McCoy's House Village [Green?], W.F. Vache 1871."

Abraham Lincoln
The piece is signed in the weaving: "S. Chevre 1861" and "Isaac Dreyfus Sons Basle." It consists of a portrait of Lincoln in an oval frame of flowers. At the top of the Oval is a shield with an eagle bearing a banner in its beak that says Union For Ever.

Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, Fine Feathered Friends (1994).

Air Pump Case
John Penn sent the Library Company an air pump in 1738, and this case was built to house it. It is the earliest surviving piece of American architectural furniture in the Palladian style., Ordered by Benjamin Franklin and Hugh Roberts about May 15, 1738 to house the air pump given by John Penn. Delivered in 1739 to the home of William Parsons., Exhibited in: Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Anti-slavery Token
Reads, "Am I Not A Woman & A Sister 1838." The back reads, "United States of America." Picture of a wreath with "Liberty 1838" within it., These tokens were sold at antislavery fairs organized by abolitionist women to raise money for the cause. In this example, to avoid charges of counterfeiting, the N in United States is reversed., Gift of Chris McCauley, 1996., Exhibited in the Heritage Center at the Union League of Philadelphia exhibition, Philadelphia 1861: The Coming Storm (2011).

Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Badges for the 1883 German American Bicentennial
Three badges for the Bi-Centennial Parade, 1683-1883. 1. Deutsch Amerikanischer Verein (blue and gold). 2. German American Bi-Centennial Executive Committee (red and gold). 3. German American Bi-Centennial Parade (blue and gold)., Gift of Don Yoder and William Woys Weaver, (Roughwood Collection), 2000., Exhibited in Good Bye Bayern- Grüb Gott America at the Center for Bavarian History, Augsburg Museum “Alte Schranne” in Nördlingen (Bavaria) (2004).

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Commemorative Medal
Inscription reads, “The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company 1827-1927; Peter Cooper’s Tom Thumb.”, A card accompanying the medal reads, “This medal is issued on the one hundredth birthday of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company to commemorate not merely the important milestone in its own history but the rounding out of a century of a definite American Railroad achievement. The Baltimore and Ohio was the first American railroad to operate its line for the public handling of passengers and freight. This was early in 1830. In all the one hundred years of its life it has changed neither its corporate name, its charter nor its fundamental organization. The obverse of the medal depicts one of the most modern trains of the Baltimore and Ohio—The Capital Limited or The National Limited—drawn by one of the largest and most modern passenger locomotives built. The spirit of Transportation guides the locomotive on its onward flight. The reverse shows the Tom Thumb, designed by Alderman Peter Cooper of New York and the first steam locomotive to be built in the United States even though it was never put into practical service. Mr. Hans Schuler, director of the Maryland Institute in Baltimore, is the sculptor who designed the medal and it was reproduced direct from his models by the Medallic Art Company of New York City.”, Gift of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, 1927.

Batac near Cairo
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Benjamin Franklin
Anne Leslie was the sister of Eliza Leslie and Charles Robert Leslie. She was a portrait painter and copyist. Written on the back of the canvas, “Benjamin Franklin a copy by Miss Anne Leslie from the original by the French artist J.S. Duplessis when Franklin was in Paris. The first proprietor of Gruese’s picture of Franklin was Thomas Jefferson, by whose grand-daughter, Mrs. Coolidge, it was presented to the Boston Athenaeum.”, LCP Minutes vol. 7, April 29, 1858, p. 121: “A letter was received from Mrs. Haven stating that she had authority from Major Leslie to say that a portrait in oil of Dr. Franklin copied by Anna Leslie from the original by Greuze in the Boston Athenaeum and deposited by the late Miss Eliza Leslie in this Library was intended by Miss Leslie as a gift to this Institution. The Librarian was directed to return thanks.”, Gift of Eliza Leslie, c. 1858.

Benjamin Franklin
The Lambdin portrait is a copy of an original painted by David Martin in 1766., Purchased by the Library Company, 1880., LCP Minutes vol. 8, April 1, 1880, p. 311: "A letter was recd from JR Lambdin offering for sale a portrait of Dr. Franklin, which was declined, the price being $200." Vol. 8, November 11, 1880, p. 343: "On motion it was decided to purchase from Mr. J.R. Lambdin a portrait of Dr. Franklin, provided it could be obtained for $150.00." Vol. 8, December 3, 1880, p. 352: "The following orders were drawn upon the Treasurer... No. 527, JR. Lambdin. Portrait of Dr. Franklin 150.00."

Benjamin Franklin
In the late spring of 1777, Caffieri completed a terra cotta bust of Franklin from life. It was said to be the best likeness of Franklin. Thereafter, the sculptor made a number of casts., LCP Minutes vol. 4, Jan. 17, 1805, p. 186: "A bust of Dr. Benjamin Franklin was presented to the Company by Walter Franklin, Esquire.", Gift of Walter Franklin, 1805., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibitions, Quarter of a Millennium (1981) and Benjamin Franklin: Writer and Printer (2006)., Photograph courtesy of Linda Lennon Objects Conservation.

Benjamin Franklin
Larger-than-life statue of Franklin originally placed in a niche over the entrance to Library Hall at Fifth Street in 1792., Universal Asylum and Columbian Magazine, April 11, 1792, p. 284: "The statue of Dr. Franklin was last Saturday fixed in its niche over the front door of the new library in fifth-street----Francois Lazzarini is the sculptor, and Carrara the name of the place where it was executed. If the intrinsic merit of this master-piece of art did not speak its value, the name of the artist, where he is known, would evince it. Here perhaps price may give the best idea of its worth. We have heard that it cost above 500 guineas.----The statue of Dr. Franklin is a full length figure, erect, clad with a Roman toga--the position easy and graceful--in the right hand is a scepter reversed, the elbow resting on books placed on a pedestal--the left hand, a little extended, holds a scroll. This elegant piece of sculpture is executed in the finest white marble, and is the donation of William Bingham esq. of this city, to the library-company.", Several newspapers reported the arrival of the statue. See Object file for the list., Gift of William Bingham, 1792., LCP Minutes vol. 3, various entries from Aug. 6, 1789-May 3, 1792. See Object file for transcriptions.

Benjamin Franklin 200th Year Anniversary Commemorative Medal
Inscription on the front reads, “Benjamin Franklin Printer Philosopher Scientist Statesman Diplomat.” The back reads, “Struck by an Act of Congress of the United States History Literature Science Philosophy To Commemorate Two Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Benjamin Franklin MCMVI.” A profile of Franklin’s head appears on the medal with the dates, “1706-1790.”, Gift of the American Philosophical Society.

Benjamin Franklin figurine.
Staffordshire figurine of Benjamin Franklin wearing a blue jacket, vest with floral decoration, gold-striped breeches, and black shoes carrying a tricorn hat in his left hand and a newspaper in his right hand. Gilded decoration and “Franklin” at the base in gilt. No maker’s marks. Firing hole at the bottom of the base., Gift of Beatrice Garvan, 2015.

Benjamin Franklin portrait miniature pendant
Portrait of Benjamin Franklin set into a gold frame with ribbon surmount, the foliate pierced and enameled border set with enameled urns and basket decorated with seed pearls, the reverse glazed to reveal the counter-enamel. The portrait is one of five extant versions and the jeweled setting is most likely contemporary and commissioned so that the image could be worn as a pendant. Weyler painted this portrait as a part of a series of miniatures he called “Panthéon Iconographique,” which included famous men he wanted to preserve for posterity in enamel. Franklin was the most popular of the series’ subjects. The original portrait for which the enamel was based on has not been traced, but it is believed to be a pastel taken from life., See accession file for more information about provenance., Purchase of the Library Company, 2013.

Benjamin R. Morgan
Benjamin Morgan was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer. Admitted to the bar in 1785, he became one of the judges of the District Court in 1821, and, previous to this, one of the founders of the Penna. Academy of the Fine Arts in 1805. Morgan was Secretary of the Library Company from 1792-1825 and one of its directors, 1825-1840., LCP Minutes vol. 9, April 4, 1889, p. 158: “A vote of thanks was directed to be sent to Mrs. Robert W. Leaming for her gift of a portrait of Benjamin R. Morgan.”, Gift of Mrs. Robert W. Leaming, 1889.

Benjamin Rush
Printed on silk with MS (paper) label., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Benjamin Rush
Plaster cast of William Rush's 1812 terracotta bust of Benjamin Rush., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Book Cover
19th century tooled and dyed leather book cover. Crests with a lion in the center on the front and back. Gold, green, blue, and red paint., Gift of David Dorret, 2007.

Brewster Chairs
Set of four chairs., Bequest of Anne Hampton Brewster, 1892.

Brewster Table
The table has an accordion, wire and wheel system to aid in expanding and contracting it for the use of leaves., Library Company Minutes vol. 9, p. 308, "I give and bequeath to the Library Company of Philadelphia... long carved Quattro Cento nut-wood library table.", Bequest of Anne Hampton Brewster, 1892.

Bronze plaque of Christopher Sower, Sr.
Label on the back reads: "This supposed portrait of Christopher Sower first was modeled by Rupert Schmid a celebrated German Artist and sculptor from likeness and description of Christopher Sower's descendants, in Nov. 1886. Ch. G. Sower.", Bequest of Charles G. Sower, 1904.

Bronze plaque of David Sower, Jr.
Bequest of Charles G. Sower, 1904.

Brotherhood of America Medals
George Lippard (1822-1854) founded a fraternal organization, the Brotherhood of the Union c. 1847. It was a secret labor and socialist organization that hoped to overthrow the capitalist system in America. Later (c. 1890) the organization was called the Brotherhood of America and turned into a social and mutual aid society. The Brotherhood of America dissolved in 1995., All ten medals read “Truth, Hope, Love” and have a scene depicting men on a ship across the top. Each medal has a different metal ornament hanging from the top piece (see descriptions below). All have a blue ribbon with “Brotherhood of America” in metal at the bottom of the ribbon. The medallion depicts an “H.F.” on an altar with a torch surrounded by stars. “H.F.” stands for “The Hope of the Future.” It can also stand for: Holy Flame, Holy Fruit, Holy Faith, Holy Freedom, Hope Fulfilled, Holy Fraternity, Human Family. See the B.C.G.[79190.O] for more information., 876 a.: Chief Washington: A cross in a circle hangs from the top piece. 876 b: PCW: Liberty Bell hangs from the top piece. 876 c: Watcher of the Night: A sword hangs from the top piece. 876 d: Treasurer: A key hangs from the top piece. 876 e: Jefferson: 2 crisscrossing torches hang from the top piece. 876 f: Watcher of the Day: 2 crisscrossing swords hang from the top piece. 876 g: Honorable Scroll Keeper: A scroll with “H.F.” hangs from the top piece. 876 h: Herald: 2 crisscrossing horns or trumpets hang from the top piece. 876 i: Franklin: 2 crisscrossing fasces hang from the top piece. 876 j: Register: An open book with “H.F.” hangs from the top piece., All medals except 876j are pinned to a Whitehead and Hoag Co. cardboard advertisement., Gift of the Brotherhood of America, 1994.

Five boxes containing 150 cameos of Greeks and Romans. Some boxes have lists indentifying the people., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Candle Lantern
This tallow candle lantern formerly hung in the entrance to the Library's 5th St. building. It was preserved and rehung in the Ridgway Branch., Purchased by the Library Company from Poultney & Wilson in 1791.

Captains Windsor Chair
In 1980, Charles Santore examined the chair and thought that it was made by a Carpenter Hall Chairmaster in Philadelphia., Gift of Glorvina Fort, Dec. 20, 1876.

Cast from Death Mask of Napoleon
Plaster cast taken from the death mask made by Napoleon's physician., Bequest of Anne Hampton Brewster, 1892.

Celestial Globe
The top of the stand supports an artificial horizon with astrological notations. There is an hour circle around what would be the North Pole. Figures of the constellations are drawn in. The inscriptions on the globe reads: “Loring’s Celestial Globe Containing all the known stars, Nebula &c. Compiled from the various works of Wollaston, Flamstead, de La Caille, Havelius, Mayer, Bradley, Herschel, Smith’s New English Globe. Boston, Josiah Loring, Washington St., 1841.”

Centennial Handkerchief
A framed cotton Centennial handkerchief or bandanna printed with views of buildings from Philadelphia’s International Exhibition, including the Main Building, the Art Gallery, and the Horticultural Building, portraits of George Washington and Ulysses Grant, and patriotic seals. Printed with black on a white ground with a geometric border. Label of the framer, Ursula Hobson, on the back., Gift of James T. Carson, 2008.

Centennial Medal
Inscription reads, “In Commemoration of the Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence Act of Congress 1874.”, The obverse depicts the "Genius of American Independence" with a sword in her right hand while her left hand is raised to thirteen stars representing the orginal thirteen colonies. On the reverse is the "Genius of Liberty" bestowing laurel wreaths to the “arts” and “sciences.”, Gift of F. Lynwood Garrison, Esq.

Centennial Medal
Small medal from the 1876 Centennial Exhibition. Obverse inscribed, "Memorial medal, 1776" with image of Independence Hall; reverse inscribed, "Struck Within the International Exhibition 1876.", Gift of Raymond Holstein, 2011.

Centennial Ribbon
“A Present from the International Exhibition, Philadelphia, 1877.” Decorated with blue, yellow, green, and red with flowers and a blue tassel at the bottom. Ribbon mounted on a paper backing which reads: at the top corners, “Highest Premium Awarded” “Centennial Exposition 1876.” “B.B. Tilt & Son. 477 Broom St. N.Y. Works. Phoenix Man’F’G Co. Paterson, N.J.” Decorated with an eagle and inscribed “Trade mark.”, Purchase of the Library Company of Philadelphia, 2013.

Centennial Scissors
"Philadelphia 1876" engraved on the shank.

Charles A. Gillingham
Gift of Miss Gillingham, June 2, 1904., LCP Minutes vol. 10, June 2, 1904, p. 88: "One portrait and two pastels bequeathed by Miss Gillingham to the Library were received."

Charlotte Saunders Cushman "of the Walnut Street Theater"
Cushman was a Boston-born actress who became the leading American stage actress and immensely famous in both America and England. Cushman was the stage manager of the Walnut Street Theater in Philadelphia from 1842 to 1844, and this portrait was painted during that time., The Folger Shakespeare Library has an almost identical portrait of Charlotte Cushman, also painted by Sully, which was donated to them in 1936 by Mrs. Vincent Cushman, wife of Charlotte's nephew., Bequest of Anne Hampton Brewster, 1892., Exhibited in: Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts' exhibition, Memorial Exhibition of Portraits by Thomas Sully (1922); Philadelphia Art Alliance for a theatrical exhibition culled from the Charlotte Cushman Club (1955); National Portrait Gallery's exhibition, This New Man (1968); National Portrait Gallery's exhibition, Thomas Sully, Portrait Painter (1983); Library Company and Historical Society of Pennsylvania's exhibition, Women 1500-1900 (1974); Milwaukee Art Museum and San Antonio Museum of Art's exhibition, Thomas Sully: Painted Performance (2013-2014).

Children's Wooden Block Puzzle
A puzzle comprised of 24 blocks with lithograph images of: “Penna. Dairy Scene,” Map of U.S., Pennsylvania Railroad, Mount Vernon, William and his Sister Fishing, “Row Boat Excursion,” “Mary and Sally Feeding the Pet Pony.”, "Pubd by Jacob Shaffer Philada" on the map., Purchase of the Library Company, 1966.

Children's Wooden Puzzle
Three puzzles that have lithographs of: William Penn's Treaty with the Indians, Pennsylvania Railroad, and a Map of the United States. Housed in a wooden box with William Penn's Treaty with the Indians on the sliding lid., "Pubd by Jacob Shaffer Philada" on the map.

Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, William Mackenzie, America’s First Rare Book Collector (1994-1995).

Coins from the Cornerstone
Framed collection of medals and coins. Inscribed plate on the frame: “These coins and medals were deposited in the Cornerstone of the Old Philadelphia Library on Fifth St., 1789 and were removed on the demolition of the building in 1888.” Within the frame are the following: 1.) British Half Penny 1773 2.) Connecticut Cent 3.) New Jersey Cent 1787 4.) Bronze Medal of Washington N.D. 5.) Franklin Plaque N.D. 6.) Medal Commemorating the Peace of 1783 7.) Nova Constellatio Cent 1785. The first U.S. coin 8.) Massachusetts Cent 1788, LCP Minutes vol. 3. Sept. 3, 1789, p. 179-180, “The following medals were deposited in the Stone-- A Pewter Coin 2 inches diameter, a figure [illegible] with a Helmet – Right hand a Spear – left hand a Knot, or Cord, from where suspends 4 Shields, being the Arms of 4 Crowns vizt. 1st England –On the right 2d three fleur de Lis/France/below on the right 3d a Lion rampant with a Sword in the right Paw, grasping a Bundle of Arrows in the other – Fourth—a Shield with a Lion rampant at two opposite corners of the Shield, the other two are confused. At the bottom is a detached Shield, as if lying on the ground, unconnected with the other four – The Figure appears to be a large head covering the whole Field—Round the inner Edge is Communi consenu-1789 stamped on this side by Rue – On the other side is a handsome Figure in Robes, sprinkled with Fleur de Lis, sitting in an armed Chair, resting on a raised Step, sprinkled also with Fleur de Lis- The left hand painting to a Pillar, with a Cap of Liberty on it – A female Figure in light Robes is hanging up a Shield on the Pillar having 13 Stripes – Round the inner Edge the Motto Libertas American, 1783. 1789 Stamped – A Copper Inch Coin. A Star radiating with thirteen small stars between the points of the Rays – The Motto Nova Constellatio – On the other Side a circular Wreath with the Letters U.S. – The Motto Libertas et Justitia 1785--1789 Stamped. – A Copper large Inch Coin, a Shield with thirteen Stripes – The Motto e pluribus unum – On the reverse a Plough with a Nags head over it –The Motto Nova Caesaria 1787 – 1789 Stamped –, A George the third half penny 1773. Stamped 1789 – Inch Copper Coin—on one side a Spread Eagle with Massachusett on the inner civil Date 1788 – on the reverse an Indian with a Bow in his Right, and an Arrow in his left hand Motto Commonwealth –Stamped 1789 -- Inch Copper Coin – a Casar’s (sic) head on one side with Vermont: Auctoritas on the inner Circle—On the reverse a Figure like Brittannia date 1785. Motto Inde:e4 Liber: Stamped 1789 – 1 3/4 inch a Medal – Roman head of Genl Washington—round the inner Edge G. Washington General of the Continental Army in America – On the Reverse a Trophy – Cannon, mortar, Trumpet & Rays shooting out all round Washin:reunit par un rare assemblage les talens du Guerrier, les Vertus du Sage.”

Collection of Electrical Tubes and Leyden Jars
Used in electrical experiments., See Library Company Minutes vol. 1, May 1, 1738-Oct. 11, 1742, p. 74, 76, 83, 86, 94, 125-126, for discussion about the air-pump and glass implements., Exhibited in the University of Pennsylvania Library’s exhibition, Benjamin Franklin Winston Churchill (1951).

Collection of objects from the Stevens - Cogdell - Sanders - Venning families
See LCP AR [Annual Report] 1991 p. 26-31., 891 a: Thimble with monogram JES. Bottom decorated with leaves. 891 b. Cameo of George Washington. Italian. 891 c. Back of locket or watch, monogram LSV, 14k gold. 891 d. Small metal plate with monogram C.S.C. 891 e. Token from the South Carolina Society’s Centennial celebration in 1857. Obverse reads: 130 Rich W. Cogdell was admitted a member of the So. Ca. Society, May 2nd 1826. Reverse depicts a hands holding three leaves, reads: Centenl. Celebrn. of So. Ca. Society Mar. 28, 1857. Posteritate. 891 f. Mourning pendant with leather case. Back of pendant reads: John Stevens died June 1, 1772 Aged 52. Mary Stevens died August 1st, 1782, Aged 56. Front has monument with two urns, reads “Rest in Peace” surrounded by trees. Surrounded by a blue border with gold flowers. 891 g. Cameo with neoclassical scene of two men and a women reaching to grab a horse, while a child with a dog sits at the bottom right corner. Italian. 891 h. Button with circular pattern, inscribed W to J. 891 i Clear-cut glass, 3-sided wax seal attached to an ornate (brass?) handle. Depicts: dove with olive branch, man with beard and helmet (Roman?), third side blank. 891 j. Small glass mosaic of beetle. Borders from outside to interior are dark blue, turquoise blue, red. Beetle is composed of gold, red, and green with a white background., Gift of Cordelia Hinkson Brown, Beverly Brown-Ruggia, and family in honor of Phil Lapsansky, 2012., Middle-class African American family active in the Philadelphia African American political, social, educational, and cultural community from the 1850s to the 20th century. The family was involved in several prominent local African American institutions, including the St. Thomas P.E. Church, Church of the Crucifixion, Central Presbyterian Church, the Colored Institute of Youth, and the Citizens Republican Club.

Collection of Red Cross and World War I Pins
Seven pins: 1. Red Cross 1919. 2. Red Cross 1920. 3. Red Cross. 4. Fourth Liberty Loan with flag. 5. Liberty Loan with V. 6. Third Liberty Loan with Liberty Bell. 7. I Helped War Chest with chest filled with gold and American flag crest. 1, 2, 5 -Made by The Whitehead Hoag & Co. Buttons, Badges, Novelties, and Signs Newark, NJ. 3, 6, 7- Made by American Art Works Conshocton, Ohio. 4-Made by American Art Sign(?) New York

Combination Pie Rimmer, Crimper, and Pastry Cutter
Gift of William Woys Weaver, 1995.

Commercial lithography. Theo. Leonhardt & Son, s.e. cor. 5th & Library sts. opposite Drexel Building, Philadelphia
Reads: “Commercial Lithography, Established 1851, Theo. Leonhardt & Son, S.E. Cor. 5th & Library Sts., Opposite Drexel Building Philadelphia.” Reads down the left side, “Bonds, Certificates of Stock, Checks, Diplomas, Cards, Letterheads, Labels.”, Copperplate of an advertisement for the firm used in the 1894-1897 editions of Gopsills Philadelphia City Directory. Contains a view looking southeast of the multi-storied lithographic establishment and vignettes of the front and back of the "Silver Medal" awarded to the business by the Maryland Institute for "Lithographic Work" in 1878. View includes street traffic. Leonhardt & Son was a partnership established circa 1874 between Theodore Leonhardt and his son Arno. The firm operated from 123-125 South Fifth Street, i.e., s.e. cor. 5th and Library streets, beginning in 1890.

Copper Cent Coin
United States one cent piece, "Liberty" and "1801" on the obverse with "United States of America" and "One Cent" on the reverse., Given to commemorate the year the 204 Juniper St. building was built (1801)., Gift of the Women's Committee by Miss Gertrude Atkinson, Feb. 15, 1943.

Cornerstone of Library Company Building at Fifth and Chestnut Streets
Laid on August 31, 1789., The cornerstone was formerly embedded in the base of the statue of Benjamin Franklin (OBJ 596). At the time the cornerstone was laid, a collection of coins and medals was placed inside (OBJ 054)., Library Company Minutes vol. 3, September 3. 1789, p. 178: "The building Committee reported, That the first stone of the edifice was laid on the thirty =first of August last;- that upon the suggestion of Dr. Benjamin Franklin a large stone was prepared and laid at the south=west cornor (sic) of the building with the following Inscription, composed by the Doctor, except so far as relates to himself, which the committee have taken the liberty of adding to it:-`Be it remembered,/In honor of the Philadelphia Youth,/then chiefly Artificers/ That in MDCCXXXI,/They cheerfully,/At the Instance of Benjamin Franklin,/one of their Number,/Instituted the Philadelphia Library;/which, tho' small at first,/Is become highly valuable and extensively useful,/And which the Walls of this Edifice/Are now destined to contain and preserve;/The first stone of whose Foundation,/was here placed/The thirty-first day of August,/Anno Domini MDCCLXXXIX,/ Benjamin Gibbs, Josiah Hewes, John Kaighn, Mordecai Lewis, Thomas Morris, Thomas Parke, Joseph Paschall, Benjamin Poultney, Richard Wells, Richard Wistar, then being Directors-, Samuel Coats, Treasurer, William Rawle, Secretary, Zachariah Poulson, Junr., Librarian'". Vol. 3, September 3, 1789, p. 179-180 describes the coins and medals placed inside the cornerstone. Vol. 8, May 7, 1880, p. 332: "On motion, the matter of the removal of the cornerstone of the building at 5 & Library Sts was referred to Mr. Biddle as a Committee with power to act".

Cuneiform tablet
The tablet is from the archives at Lagash, excavated in the 1880s. It is made of unbaked clay and is a sealed envelope surrounding a similar or identical inner tablet dating from about 2044 B.C. It records the loan of 22 ‘gur’ (small boatloads) of barley from the royal granary at Lagash to two unnamed men, who were probably going to use it for spring planting, hunger having exhausted their supply of seed grain., Gift of Miss Mary McClellan, 1929.

D-horseshoe spectacles
D-horseshoe spectacles with blue-tinted lenses. Marked with "McAllister" and a flower with pivot-style temples. The flower mark was commonly used as a journeymen's mark., Gift of Dr. Vincent J. Marchese, 2013.

David Sower
Wood carving of David Sower with an elaborately carved oak frame with plaster., Bequest of Charles G. Sower, 1904., Front inscription reads: David Sower 1st, Printer and Publisher, Founder of the Norristown Herald 1799, Born 1764 Died 1835. Grandson of Christopher Sower 1st., Manuscript note on back reads: Designed and executed by Prof. Rupert Schmid Sculptor from Munich Germany 1886. Pronounced to be a perfect likeness by Edward Stroud before knowing who it was intended for, who lived in the same house with David Sower 1 and was 28 years old when the latter died.

De Fleury at Stony Point Medal
Reads, "Virtutis Et Audaclae Monum. Et Praemium" and "D. De Fleury Equitt Gallo Primo Super Muros Resp. Americ D.D." Translation: "A memorial and reward for bravery and boldness—The American Republic presented this award to M. de Fleury, a French officer, who as the first scaled the walls." Mars is depicted on the ruin of the fort treading on the British flag with his sword raised. Reverse reads, "Aggeres Paludes Hostes Victi” “STONY PT EXPUGN xv Jul MDCCLXXIX." Translation: "Fortifications, marshes, and the enemy overcome—Stony Point taken by assault, July 15th, 1779." Depicts the fort of Stony Point and the enemy’s vessels on the river below it., On July 26, 1779, Congress decided to reward Lieutenant Colonel Fleury for bravery in the attack of the fort at Stony Point. Benjamin Franklin, in Paris, employed Benjamin Duvivier, Chief Engraver at the Paris Mint, to create the medal. This medal is the first ever struck by a Resolution of Congress., Gift of Benjamin Franklin., Exhibited in, Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World (2005-2007).

Deborah Davenport
Portrait of Deborah Davenport of Woodbury, N.J., Bequest of Anne Hampton Brewster, 1892.

Declaration of Independence
Calligraphed Declaration of Independence displayed during the 1876 Centennial Exhibition. The artist recorded the entire text of the Declaration, the coats of arms of the thirteen original states, the names of the Signers on the border columns, a portrait of George Washington, and various vignettes., The artist's name is listed as W.V. Peacon in the Centennial catalog., Gift of Michael Zinman, 1991.

Dickinson Family Funeral Hatchment
A funeral hatchment depicts the coat of arms of the deceased person., Used at the funeral of Gov. John Dickinson, Feb. 14, 1808., Letter inserted in the LCP Minutes, vol. 9, p. 117 from Miss Maria Logan to G.M. Abbot discussing the gift of the Hatchment to the Library Company., Gift of the Heirs of John Dickinson, 1887.

Dickinson's Music Stand or Reading Desk
Four-sided top capable of being raised or lowered on its helical center pole ; cabriole with acanthus; ball and claw feet., Inscription on metal plaque reads, "This desk once the property of the Honorable John Dickinson Author of the "Farmer's Letters" &c. was presented to the Loganian Library by Albanus C. Logan II." Albanus C. Logan was John Dickinson's great grandson, so it is probable that the desk remained in the family before being given to the Library Company., Gift of Albanus C. Logan II, 1870., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Dr. Thomas Parke
Sully Register, #1286., Parke was a director of the Library Company from 1778-1835., There is a MS bill in the Daniel Parker Papers at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania from Thomas Sully to the Directors of the Library Company for the portrait and frame (by M. Pike) for $120., Purchased by the Library Company's Board of Directors, 1822., Exhibited at the College of Physicians (1887). Exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (1922).

Drop Leaf Table
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Duke of Brunswick
LCP Minutes, vol. 7, June 6, 1867, p. 287-288, “The following presents were recorded for which the Librarian was directed to thank the donor… Portrait Duke of Brunswick- P.F. Snyder.”, Gift of P.F. Snyder, 1867.

Edward L. Carey
Note on the back reads, “1857 Taken from a drawing.”, Gift of Helen Lea Humphrey, 1996.

Edwin Wolf 2nd
Edwin Wolf 2nd was the Library Company's Librarian from 1955-1984., Gift of Mary Wolf, 1992.

Electrical Machine
The Electrical Machine is a static energy generator that works by rubbing the leather pad against the spinning glass globe to produce a static electrical charge in the globe. Franklin owned this apparatus and used it in his experiments and demonstations., LCP Minutes vol. 3, June 12, 1792, p. 312: Benjamin Franklin Bache presented to the Company the Machine, which Doctor Franklin first used to make Experiments in Electricity., Gift of Benjamin Franklin Bache, 1792., Exhibited in: University of Pennsylvania's exhibition, Benjamin Franklin Winston Churchill (1951); Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World (2005-2007).

Electricity Building from the Pan-American Exposition
Depicts the “Electricity Building” from the Pan-American Expo that was in Buffalo, NY in 1901. Green and Wicks of Buffalo were the architects of the building. It was used for exhibits in electrical science and manufactures of electrical apparatus. Power from Niagara Falls was harnessed to distribute electricity throughout the Expo., Gift of Michael Zinman, 2008. (Part of the Michael Zinman World’s Fair Collection.)

Elizabeth Hazlehurst
Paper label reads: “Elizabeth Hazlehurst Sister of John Markoe 17??-1841.” She was married to Isaac Hazlehurst., Gift of Dr. Mary Dewitt Pettit, 1965.

Engraved Plate, "The Return from Boarding School"
After a painting by John Lewis Krimmel, 1819.

Engraved Plate with Portrait of Cephas Grier Childs
Cephas Grier Childs (1793-1871) was an engraver, pioneer lithographer, editor, and publisher.

Engraved Plate with Portrait of W.J. McCahan
William James McCahan was the president and founder of the W. J. McCahan Sugar Refining Co. in Philadelphia.

Engraving Block for James Cox Bookplate
Reads: “No. __, The Library Company of Philadelphia, Purchased from James Cox, Artist of the City of Philadelphia, Communiter Bona Profundere Deum Est.”

Engraving Block for Small Library Company Bookplate
Reads, "The Library Company of Philadelphia."

Engraving Block for the Residence of William Marshall
Residence of Rev. William Marshall, no. 322 Spruce Street, Philadelphia. Shows a partial view of Scots Presbyterian Church, where Marshall was the First Pastor. After a photograph by Frederick DeBourg Richards, March 1859. Marked on the back with a stamp, (illegible) N.J.W.?mmer, 5 Pear St., Phila., Engraving from a booklet entitled: 322 Spruce Street. Philadelphia: s.n., 1859 [54113.O.11 ; 2569.Q.22].

Engraving Block of the Associate Presbyterian Church
View showing the Associate Presbyterian Church, also known as the Secession Church, on Walnut Street above Fourth Street, Philadelphia. Also shows two crates in the front lot of the church and a partial view of the adjoining building, the former residence of Rev. William Marshall, first pastor of the Church. Marked on the back with a stamp, (illegible) N.J.W.?mmer, 5 Pear St., Phila., Engraving from a booklet entitled: 322 Spruce Street. Philadelphia: s.n., 1859 [54113.O.11; 2569.Q.22].

Engraving Plate for Large Library Company Bookplate
Shows the Library Company’s seal.

Engraving Plate for Library Company Letterhead
Reads: “Library Co. of Philadelphia, Philadelphia.” The Library Company’s seal is at the left.

Engraving Plate of Library Company Receipt
With glass negative of the Library Company seal. Reads: “Philadelphia__ 18__, The Library Company of Philadelphia having received from you __ The Directors of the institution have instructed me to transmit you their thanks. I have the honour to be, Your obedient servant.” Marked on the back, “Keim Phila.”

Fire Mark of the Fire Association of Philadelphia
Removed from 204-206 South Juniper Street in 1949., The Fire Association of Philadelphia was organized in 1817 by volunteer fire companies and incorporated as an insurance company in 1820. It became a joint stock company in 1871., Insurance policy holders were required to affix fire marks outside of their building to inform fire brigades that the building was insured and by which company., Fire Association of Philadelphia fire marks include a fire-plug with a section of hose attached to it, with the letters F.A. on each side of the plug.

Fireplace Tiles
Colored tiles which were placed around the fireplace in the Librarian’s room. Depicts the Logan coat of arms with the inscription, “Haec Majorum Virtus,” the Penn coat of arms, and the Library Company's coat of arms., Purchased by the Library Company, 1882.

Set of six flags: French, Belgium, Italian, Union Jack, and two 48-star American flags. These flags decorated Mabel Brice’s home at 1320 Locust Street when she hosted the Queen of Belgium for tea. Mabel Brice Wheeler (1873-1965) volunteered in the Emergency Aid of Pennsylvania’s Belgium Relief Committee during the First World War. The Belgian Royal family toured the United States between September 23 and November 1919 to thank the American people for all of their help. King Albert and Queen Elisabeth of Belgium, along with their son Leopold, the Duke of Brabant, traveled to Philadelphia on October 27, 1919. They went to Independence Hall and the headquarters of the Belgian Relief Committee. The Queen had tea at the home of Mabel Brice while the King and Duke explored the shipyard at Hog Island. Ephraim and Mary Brice (Mabel’s parents) purchased the house in 1900, and Mabel lived there the rest of her life. The Library Company bought the residence in 1967., Found in the collection-from the Cassatt House.

Four Scrapbooks
Four books assembled by Daisy Lowengrund: 1. "Sewing Book" in brown paper with front and back pockets. Pockets contain drawings on trace paper and small sewn blocks, some dated 1902-1905. Book contains embroidered pictures in various colors. 2. Half-bound volume of "Mat Weaving" containing weaved paper designs in various colors. 3-4. Two accordion-folded portfolios of colored paper cut-outs. Exhibited in Library Company of Philadelphia's exhibition, The Living Book: New Perspectives on Form and Function (2017-2018)., Gift of Mr. & Mrs. Robert Bendiner, 1998.

Fragment of the American flag, "Star Spangled Banner"
The flag was commissioned by Major George Armistead, commander of Fort McHenry, and made by Mary Pickersgill. Small pieces of the flag were given away as relics; over two hundred square feet of the Star-Spangled Banner was eventually given away, including one of the stars., Note on back of frame reads: "Fort McHenry Sept. 13 & 14 1874. The original of the "Star Spangled Banner." Photographed June 24, 1873 by permission of Mrs. Georgianna Armistead Appleton, daughter of Colonel Armistead.", Part of the McAllister Collection., Exhibited in: the Smithsonian's exhibition, Snippings from the Star-Spangled Banner (2001); the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's exhibition, "Our Flag Was Still There": The Star-Spangled Banner's Bicentennial (2014).

Framed Items Concerning David Rittenhouse
Frame contains: 1. Page of Rittenhouse Almanac, 1820; 2. Engraving of David Rittenhouse; 3. Newspaper clipping, "Rittenhouse's First Clock"; 4. Receipt signed by David Rittenhouse., Gift of George Maurice Abbot, 1929.

Francis Bacon
LCP Minutes vol. 7, Dec. 7, 1865, p. 249: "An original portrait of Francis Bacon Lord Verulam was offered by Philip F. Snyder, Esq. in exchange for 4 shares in the Library Company, which was accepted and the Treasurer was authorized to issue certificates accordingly.”, Gift of Philip Snyder in 1865 in exchange for four shares in the Library Company.

Franklin Bifocal Sesquicentennial, 1784-1934, Medal
Profile of Franklin holding bifocals in his hand. Back states, “Commemorating the One Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of Benjamin Franklin’s Invention of the Bifocal Lens in 1784.”, Gift of Donald Oresman, 2000.

Friendship album
Album with locks of hair sewn onto the pages in loops of stylized flowers with colored drawings of flowers. The hair was assembled by Margaret Williams. Family names contained in the book are: Williams, Barmore, Mary, Washburn, Lee, Holden, Pullen, Armstrong, Darlen, Underhill, McIntyre, Rasnell, Halsted, Marshall, Philips, and Smith., Exhibited in: the Library Company's exhibition, Picturing Women (2004) ; and the Living Book: New Perspectives on Form and Function (2017-2018).

Garden of the Friends Almshouse
These buildings were built 1713-1745 on Walnut Street between Third and Fourth Streets to house Quaker poor. The main building of the almshouse was removed in 1841 and the last of the cottages in 1876., Stenciled on the back of the frame: Ashton & Browne, 204 Chestnut St., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

George Campbell
George Campbell was the librarian of the Library Company, 1806-1829 and on the board of directors from 1836-1855. This portrait was painted for the Musical Fund Society, of which Campbell was president., Gift of Edwin Wolf 2nd, 1960., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, In Living Color: Collecting Color Plate Books (2007).

George Washington
Inscription on verso says: “Presented to the Library Company of Phila. by their Treasurer 1801 J.D. John Dorsey.”, Library Company Minutes vol. 4, Feb 5, 1801, p. 129: A Portrait of General Washington elegantly framed, was presented by Mr. Dorsey the Treasurer, for which he has the thanks of the board., Gift of John Dorsey, 1801.

George Washington
This portrait is a copy of the Gilbert Stuart portrait., Gift of Mrs. T. Hudson Rich.

George Washington
LCP Minutes vol. 4, April 17, 1814, p. 333: “Mr. Joseph Sansom having presented a bust of General Washington...the Secretary was directed to thank Mr. Sansom for the present made by him.", Gift of Joseph Sansom, 1814.

George Washington Norris
George W. Norris was a Library Company board member from 1840-1874. He was a Philadelphia surgeon and author and editor of books on historical medicine. He served as president of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, vice-president of the Philadelphia Medical Society, vice-president of the College of Physicians, vice-president of the AMA, and an associate of the Academy of Natural Sciences and the American Philosophical Society.

German Prisoner of War Camp Medal
Commemorates the prisoner-of-war camp for German soldiers on the Isle of Man during World War I., Obverse shows a view of the prison camp with tents and huts, castle and lighthouse in background, within a wreath of barbed wire. Inscription on the reverse reads: Weltkrieg 1914-1916 Erinnerung an die Kriegshaft Douglas Isle of Man.

Glass Panel with Library Company's Seal
Yellow glass with the painted seal of the Library Company., Six panes of glass that were probably salvaged from the 5th Street building and/or Furness building before it was torn down.

Halfpenny Trade Token.
Gift of Jessica Linker, 2017., Obverse: "J. Lackington / [Bust of Lackington, facing front left] / 1794” Reverse: Central figure of a Fame blowing a trumpet surrounded by two-line inscription "Halfpenny of Lackington, Allen & Co." / "Cheapest booksellers in the world." "Edge lettered "Payable at the Temple of the Muses * / * / * " James Lackington opened his first bookstall in London in 1773 and issued his first catalog in 1779. The firm later was known as Lackington, Allan & Co. and occupied a large premises, "The Temple of the Muses," in Finsbury Square, London. According to his published "Confessions" (1804), he made the business wholly over to his cousin, George Lackington, in 1798. Tokens such as these were issued in many places in England between 1787 and 1800 when the government failed to mint enough copper coinage for the conduct of business.

Halfpenny Trade Token.
Gift of Jessica Linker, 2017., Obverse: "J. Lackington / [Bust of Lackington, facing front left] / 1794” Reverse: Central figure of a Fame blowing a trumpet surrounded by two-line inscription "Halfpenny of Lackington, Allen & Co." / "Cheapest booksellers in the world." "Edge lettered "Payable at the Temple of the Muses * / * / * " James Lackington opened his first bookstall in London in 1773 and issued his first catalog in 1779. The firm later was known as Lackington, Allan & Co. and occupied a large premises, "The Temple of the Muses," in Finsbury Square, London. According to his published "Confessions" (1804), he made the business wholly over to his cousin, George Lackington, in 1798. Tokens such as these were issued in many places in England between 1787 and 1800 when the government failed to mint enough copper coinage for the conduct of business.

Henry C. Carey
Copy after a 1867 portrait by T. Henry Smith (b. ca. 1820)., Gift of Helen Lea Humphrey, 1996.

Henry Charles Lea
Inscribed “1825-Henry Charles Lea-1909” on front of base; “May 1910 / CHARLES GRAFLY” on right verso; and “ROMAN BRONZE WORKS N-Y-” on verso along center of lower edge., Henry Charles Lea was a Library Company board member, 1870-1879, 1887-1902., LCP Annual Report for 1911, p. 1: “A bronze portrait bust of Mr. Henry Charles Lea, a benefactor and for many years a member of the Board, has been presented by the family through Mr. Arthur H. Lea. The work is by Mr. Charles Grafly and is considered an excellent likeness as well as a work of art. The base upon which the bust rests is of Negalla marble and is a very beautiful specimen of stone.”, Gift of Arthur H. Lea, 1911.

Henry Clay Medallion
Copper medallion set in an oval wood frame. Profile bust of Clay facing left, with a laurel wreath border. Nothing on the reverse., "T.D. Jones, Del., C.C. Wright, fecit."

Henry Wharton
Signed and dated on the lower right corner, S.B. Waugh 1881., Henry Wharton was a Library Company Board member for 18 years., Purchased by the Library Company's Board in 1881.

Hester Prynne & Pearl
LCP Minutes vol. 14, Dec. 1, 1938, p. 35: “Mr. Parrish said that the grandsons of Mr. Howard Roberts have recently presented books to the Library and have offered to present to the Library Mr. Roberts’ statues of Hester and Lot’s wife. … Resolved that the Directors on behalf of the Library Company as well as on their own behalf warmly thank Mr. Paul Roberts and Mr. Radclyffe Roberts for their generous donations.” LCP Annual Report, May 1, 1939: “A collection of valuable books, formerly the property of the late Mr. and Mrs. Howard Roberts, was given to the Library by Mr. Paul Roberts. At the same time Mr. H. Radclyffe Roberts presented to the Library the marble statue of Hester Prynne and Pearl, the first important work of Howard Roberts. When exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy in 1872 it attracted widespread attention throughout the country.”, Gift of H. Radclyffe Roberts (the artist's grandson), 1939., Exhibited at Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts (1872) and the Philadelphia Art Museum (1966-1981).

Hollandische Kuff
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Homework Sampler
Eleven samplers, mounted on board in the form of a book, made by Emily Bell while attending the Bethlehem Female Seminary in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The sampler includes examples of buttonhole, hemming, and pin-tuck stitches., Exhibited in: The Library Company's exhibitions, The Hook and the Book: The Emergence of Crochet and Knitting in American Popular Culture, 1840-1876, (2001) and The Home Sewing Machine: America's "Queen of Inventions" (2009).

Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869., Exhibited in Philadelphia Maritime Museum's exhibition, Thomas Birch: 1779-1851, Paintings and Drawings (1966).

Interior Scene - People Dancing
A genre painting in the vein of Anthoni Palamedesz (Rotterdam) or Pieter Codde (Amsterdam) of the 1630s. The panel support suggest they could be 17th century., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Iron Mortar Shell
This mortar was sent by Isaac J. Wister to the Library Company in 1864. His accompanying letter [7431.F.47] reads: Head Quarters, U. S. Army Forces, Yorktown Va., February 16, 1864. To the President and Managers of the Library Company of Philadelphia. Gentlemen, I have the honor to present to the Library Company, one thirteen inch mortar shell, just examined by a fatigue party from the terreplein of old Fort Yorktown - which from its position must have been fired from the right batteries of Gen'l Washington's second parallel during the siege by the Allies in October, 1781. The fuze has entirely decayed, but the charge remains. It has been effectively drowned and is believed to be inexplosive.", Gift of Isaac J. Wistar, 1864.

Iron Strong Box
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Jacob Duché's Mansion (3rd & Pine Streets)
The painting is not signed or dated., The figure in the foreground supposedly is Benjamin Franklin flying a kite during an electrical storm., Exhibited in Haverford College's exhibition, The Pennsylvania Landscape: Colonial to Contemporary (2007).

Jacob Ridgway; Phoebe Anne Ridgway Rush; James Rush
Portrait of James Rush signed and dated: "Anna C. Peale 1829" front left, vertical.

James Cox
LCP Minutes vol. 8, April 30, 1885, p. 557a: “A portrait in oil of James Coxe, artist whose library of 5000 vols was purchased in 1832 by the Co., was presented by Philip F. Snyder Esq. and the Sec’y was instructed to return the thanks of the Board.” Note by George Maurice Abbot, Dec. 4, 1890: The painting of “Mercy Interceding for the Vanquished” said to be by Etty, was given to the library by Philip F. Snyder who also painted for the library from a pencil sketch, a portrait of James Cox, from whom the library at one time bought a large number of books.”, Gift of Philip F. Snyder, 1885., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, In Living Color: Collecting Color Plate Books (2007).

James Logan
The Library Company directors commissioned Thomas Sully to replace the portrait of James Logan that was destroyed in a fire in the Loganian Library on Jan. 6, 1831. Sully copied his painting from a portrait by Gustavus Hesselius in the possession of Mrs. D. Logan of Stenton (now in the possession of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania/Atwater Kent) and received two shares of LCP stock in payment., LCP Minutes vol. 5, Jan. 7, 1831, p. 309, "The destruction of an original portrait of James Logan, the distinguished donor of the Library bearing his subject of great regret..." Loganian Library Minutes vol. 1, Nov. 10, 1831, p. 202-203: "An order was drawn ... for two shares of the stock of said company agreed to be given to Thomas Sully, Esqr. for painting a portrait of the founder of the Loganian Library from the one in the possession of Mrs. D. Logan of Stenton.", Commissioned by the Directors of the Library Company, 1831., Exhibited at the Great Central Fair in Philadelphia, in the "Wm. Penn Parlor" (1864). Exhibited in the Metropolitan Museum of Art's exhibition, Benjamin Franklin and His Circle (1936).

James Logan Fisher
LCP Minutes vol. 12, March 3, 1927, p. 93: “… the residue of the Estate of Sydney George Fisher is left to the Library Company, and in addition various designated engravings and prints.”, Bequest of Sydney George Fisher, 1927.

James S. Biddle
Biddle was on the Library Company's Board of Directors from 1870-1900., Gift of the Library Company's Board of Directors, 1901.

Jew David's Plaster.
Gift of William H. Helfand, 2017., Round metal container of the patent medicine Jew David’s plaster. Reads on the lid, “Jew Davids, Plaster, E. Taylor, Rochester, N. York.”

John Dickinson
A 19th-century copy from an unknown original., Gift of Cory and Kate Luxmoore, 1999.

John Graver Johnson
Johnson was an eminent corporate lawyer and was involved in the case dealing with the building of the Ridgway Building. His art collection became the nucleus of the Philadelphia Museum of Art., LCP Annual Report May, 1939, p. 6, “By the kindness of Mr. William De Krafft the Library Company has become the possessor of the portrait of John G. Johnson, painted by Albert Rosenthal.”, Gift of William de Krafft, 1938., Exhibited by the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in the 112th Annual Exhibition, 1917.

John Jay Smith
John Jay Smith was the Library Company's Librarian from 1829-Feb. 1851 and Treasurer from 1840-1857., Painting is signed on the lower right., Receipt for portrait, frame, and tablet for name, dated April 13, 83, in vol. 3 of John Jay Smith's Recollections-manuscript copy [8442.F]., LCP Minutes vol. 8, May 3, 1883, p. 474: "Mr. L.P. Smith, having in behalf of himself and his brothers Mssrs. Robert P. Smith and Horace J. Smith, presented the Library Company with a portrait of the late John Jay Smith; the Secretary was directed to thank the donors, for the very acceptable gift of the portrait of one who had so long and faithfully served the Library Company.", Gift of Lloyd Pearsall Smith on behalf of himself and his brothers, Robert P. and Horace J. Smith, 1883., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, Building a City of the Dead: The Creation and Expansion of Philadelphia’s Laurel Hill Cemetery (2010-2011).

John Markoe
Written on the back of the frame: Coleman., John Markoe was the son of Abraham Markoe and his second wife, Elizabeth Baynton. John married Mehitabel (Hitty) Cox in 1804 and succeeded his father as head of extensive business interests in Philadelphia. About 1810 a mansion was built for the Markoes designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe and supervised by Robert Mills, on Chestnut St. between 9th and 10th., Gift of Dr. Mary Dewitt Pettit, 1965.

John Markoe
John Markoe was the son of Abraham Markoe and his second wife, Elizabeth Baynton. John married Mehitabel (Hitty) Cox in 1804 and succeeded his father as head of extensive business interests in Philadelphia. About 1810 a mansion was built for the Markoes designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe and supervised by Robert Mills, on Chestnut St. between 9th and 10th., Gift of Mary De Witt Pettit, 1965.

John Milton
LCP Minutes vol. 5, November 3, 1831, p. 330: "The following presents were received for which the Secretary is to thank the donors...From Zachariah Poulson, Esq. fine Busts of Shakespeare and Milton in plaster.", Gift of Zachariah Poulson, 1831.

John Penn
A letter inserted in the LCP Minutes vol. 9, p. 137, dated Nov. 16, 1888, from Lambdin to G. M. Abbot, reads: "The John Penn was copied from a picture said to be by [Godfrey] Kneller, but that could not have been for he died very many years before Penn was born. I think it was probably painted by Hudson, who lived in John Penn's day. The original belonged, I think, to Samuel Lardner, from whom it was borrowed. The copy was presented by me to the Library Co.", Gift of James Reid Lambdin, before 1864.

Joseph Fisher, “Optician"
Bequest of Joseph Fisher, 1864.

Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de
LCP Minutes vol. 5, Sept. 1, 1825, p. 186: "Samuel S. West presented a plaster bust of General Lafayette.", Gift of Samuel S. West, 1825.

Lake Scene
Doughty's first version of the lake scene was said to be painted for Henry Pickering, a Hudson River poet. From this painting, George B. Ellis engraved a print which illustrated the poem, "A Lake Scene", by Pickering which appeared in the 1827 gift book, The Atlantic Souvenir. The Library Company's painting is a later version that differs slightly with the addition of a pair of huntsmen., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869., Exhbited in the Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Landscape with People and Animals
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Landscape with Temple on Cliff
This painting is an academic study, perhaps of the Temple at Sunium or Temple de Thesee a Athene., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Letter and wig of Charles Lee, 1731-1782
Letter in frame reads: Nov. 6, 1861., Hair from the wig of General Charles Lee, of the American Revolutionary Army. He was buried in Christ Church yard in 1782, and in order to alter the position of the wall on Church Alley his bones were removed. The wig, after a lapse of 79 years, was found in good preservation, the net work only being rotted.

Libertas Americana
Reads, “Libertas Americana” and “4 Juil 1776.” Translation: “American Liberty—4th of July, 1776.” Depicts Liberty with her cap and pole. Reverse reads, “Non Sine Diis animosus infans” “17 19 Oct. 1777-1781.” Translation: “The fearless child was not without the help of gods.” (Verse from the Odes of Horace; Book III, Ode IV, 20.) Depicts Minerva, with a spear and shield, protecting an infant Hercules from a leopard. Hercules is strangling two serpents., Gift of Benjamin Franklin., Exhibited in, Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World (2005-2007).

Liberty Displaying the Arts and Sciences, or The Genius of America Encouraging the Emancipation of the Blacks
The painting is signed "S. Jennings Pinxt.1792" on a scroll in the lower right corner. The frame is original, made by the Philadelphia carver and gilder James Reynolds (c. 1736-1794)., LCP Minutes vol. 3, April 1, 1790, p. 195-197: "Extract of a Letter from Samuel Jennings, dated London January 12th, 1790. `My Dear Father. Having lately received Information that an Elegant Building is now erecting for the Philadelphia Library, an Idea immediately struck me, that if it would not be thought presumptuous, I should esteem myself very happy to have the honor of presenting a Painting to the Company that would be applicable to so noble, and useful an Institution, and which if agreeable to the Gentlemen who have the Directions of it, shall use my utmost exertion & abilities to make it acceptable; the great affection I retain for my native Country, will always be an inducement to me to contribute my mite towards the Encouragement of Arts and Sciences, hoping in due time, they will arrive to as great perfection as they are at present, in the place I now reside--- As I do not know who the Gentlemen are that have the direction of the Library, I request you will be so obliging as to communicate to them the Information I have given you, and if they should be pleased to approve of it, as I hope they will, it will be necessary for me to be acquainted with the length, breadth and height of the Room, together with the Situation they would wish to place in it, and if over the Fire-place, the distance from the Mantle-piece to the Ceiling-- You will perhaps think me too particular, but these are things essentially necessary--/As soon as I receive an answer from you with their approbation, which I hope will be by the first Packet from New York, or any other immediate opportunity, I shall put the piece into Execution., In regard to the subject, there are three, which I think would be applicable to the Institution vizt. Cleo - Goddess of History, and Heroic Poetry. Calliope - Goddess of Harmony, Rhetoric, & Heroic Poetry - Minerva- Goddess of Wisdom & all the Arts, The Presidentess of Learning, which seems to comprehend everything that can be desired.The dress of Minerva is grand, and would make a better picture than either of the others. But if my other Subject should be their choice, I shall with plesure, comply with it-' This handsome Compliment from one of our Fellow Citizens now in London, is gratefully received, and Mordecai Lewis, John Kaighn, Doctor Parke, Thomas Morris and Richard Wells, are appointed a Committee to prepare a Letter to go by the next Packet expressive of the high Sense which the Board entertain of the genteel proposal, and that the Committee take the subject of the picture into consideration, and transmit their opinion thereon-.", Vol. 3, May 6, 1790, p. 206-207: "The Committee appointed by the last board reported that they had transmitted a letter to Samuel Jennings in answer to his polite and liberal offer of a painting for this Institution which was read and ordered to be entered on the minutes--- `Phila. April 3, 1790, Esteemed Friend- The Directors of the Library Company of Philadelphia having been furnished with an extract of thy letter respecting a Piece of Painting intended for the Library they have instructed us to transmit their grateful acknowledgments for so genteel a notice of their Institution--To recieve such a proof of Attachment from one of their Fellow-Citizens, at so great a distance, must be truly pleasing to every Member of the Company, to whom the Directors will have an opportunity of communicating it, at their annual Election next month-/ The Board have considered the three Subjects submitted to their Choice, and readily agree in giving a preference to that of Minerva; but as a more general latitude has been so politely granted, they take the liberty of suggesting an Idea of Substituting the figure of Liberty/with her Cap and proper Insignia/displaying the arts by some of the most striking Symbols of Painting, Architecture, Mechanics, Astronomy etc, whilst She appears in the attitude of placing on the top of a Pedestal, a pile of books, lettered with, Agriculture, Commerce, Philosophy, & Catalogue of Philadelphia Library., A broken chain under her feet, and in the distant background a Groupe of Negroes sitting on the Earth, or in some attitude expressive of Ease & Joy -/ This is handed merely as a Sketch of what struck the Directors, but they have so much diffidence on Subjects of this nature, that they wish to submit the whole to thy own Judgment-/ We are on behalf of the Directors very respectfully Thy Friends. Signed by Richard Wells, Thomas Morris, Thomas Parke, John Kaighn'., Gift of Samuel Jennings, 1792., Exhibited in: Art Institute of Chicago's exhibition, From Colony to Nation (1949); Corcoran Gallery of Art's exhibition, American Processional (1950); Library Company and Historical Society of Pennsylvania's exhibtion, Negro History, 1553-1903 (1969); The National Portrait Gallery's exhibition, The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution, 1770-1800 (1973); Library Company and Historical Society of Pennsylvania's exhibtion, Women 1500-1900 (1974); Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981); Corcoran Gallery of Art's exhibition, Facing History, The Black Image in American Art, 1710-1940 (1990).

Library Building on 5th Street
Signed on the bottom left corner, “GB Wood, 1880.”, The painting depicts the interior of the Library Company's building on 5th Street. Lloyd P. Smith, the Librarian, is standing behind the charge desk. There is a woman and her dog standing in front of the desk with her back to the viewer. It is possible the woman is supposed to be Anne Hampton Brewster who owned a dog and was a close friend of Lloyd P. Smith., Represented in the painting (behind the Librarian's Desk) are the following objects: Bust of Clytie (OBJ #536), Bust of Apollo (OBJ #538), Painting of Stenton by Lewis (OBJ #142), and Portrait of James Logan by Sully (OBJ#255), Gift of Dr. William Pepper, 1893.

Library Company Blue Plate
Blue and white transferware, by J. & W. Ridgway, Shelton, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, between 1814 and 1830. Part of J. & W. Ridgway’s “Beauties of America Series.” Depicts the Library Company's 5th St. building surrounded by a border of medallions of roses and leaves., Gift of Donald H. Cresswell, 1997., Exhibited in Haverford College's exhibition, The Pennsylvania Landscape: Colonial to Contemporary (2007).

Library Company Fire Buckets
Buckets were the first means of defense against a fire in the 18th century. Home owners and businesses purchased them from saddlers or bellow-makers and had their name painted on them (to distinguish them from the public or fire company buckets). They were kept hanging in a convenient location in the building at all times., Six leather buckets inscribed, Library Company of Philadelphia, with a ornamental scroll above and a sunburst below., LCP Minutes vol. 6., Feb. 7, 1797, p. 64: “The Librarian was instructed to purchase six good large leathern buckets, painted with the words “Library Company of Philadelphia,” to be kept in the Library-Hall.” Vol. 6, Apr. 6, 1797, p. 65 : “The Librarian produced an account, amounting to L7.17.6, for six fire buckets, procured by directions of the board, for which amount an order was drawn on the Treasurer in his favor.”, Purchased by the Library Company in 1797., Exhibited in, Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World (2005-2007).

Library Step-Stool.
Gift of David M. Doret and Linda G. Mitchell in memory of Robert Lindsley and Eric de Hoogh, 2019., Made for the Library Company’s Juniper and Locust Street Library branch, which was designed by Frank Furness and opened on February 24, 1880. Carved Library step stool with two steps and stabilizing arm topped with a carved finial.

Library Tables
Two library tables with pine tops covered with red leather. Baluster turned legs joined by rectangular stretchers, which are molded on top. Ball feet. Drawer in apron has decorative brass pulls and key plate. One table lacks key plate. Original covering was likely green baize., Purchased by the Library Company, ca. 1740.

Life Mask of Abraham Lincoln
Plaster cast reproduction after the original life mask made by Leonard Wells Volk (1828-1895) in 1860., Gift of Rose Gallagher, 1990.

Lloyd Pearsall Smith
Smith was the librarian of the Library Company from 1851-1886 and a director from 1857-1886., Letter inserted in the LCP Minutes, vol. 9, dated Nov. 16, 1888, p. 137 from Lambdin to G. M. Abbot reads: The Portrait of Mr. Lloyd Smith has been transferred by me to his widow, who will in the future control it. Feb. 4, 1915: A portrait of Mr. Lloyd P. Smith and some pictures relating to the Library presented by his great nephew Lloyd M. Smith were received, and thanks returned for the same., Gift of Lloyd M. Smith, 1915.

Lock of George Washington's Hair
Lock of white hair on a black background. Oval glass covered opening. The hair was taken by Martin Pierie, Washington's barber, in 1781., Note pasted to back reads: "Description of frame: 1. Oval from Washington's mansion - Mt. Vernon; 2. Part of a chestnut tree planted by Washington which is the molding; 3. Beed around frame from Independence Hall, Philadelphia; 4. The ring from Carpenter's Hall; 5. Upper right star Tree Lafayette planted; 6. Upper left star, Gen'l Anthony Wayne house; 7. Lower right star, Frigate Constitution; 8. Lower left star, Frigate Alliance; 9. Back from pew Washington worshipped in at Christ Church. I believe the above to be correct and true. Roxborough Feb. 18th, 1860 Joseph Crout.", Library Company Minutes vol. 5, Aug. 6, 1829, p. 265: "A lock of General Washington's hair taken by Martin Pierie in 1781, was presented by John Pierie. The Secretary was directed to return the thanks of the board to the donor, & the Librarian requested to have it framed under glass and placed in the cabinet.", Gift of John Pierie, August 6, 1829.

Logan Table
Secondary woods with walnut top., Inscription on brass plaque reads, "This table formerly used by the Honourable James Logan an part of the furniture of his Library at Stenton was presented to the Loganian Library by his descendant in the fifth generation, Albanus C. Logan, MDCCLXX." Marlbourough style legs were not used until about 1755, which makes the claim of it belonging to James Logan doubtful. It may be one of several walnut tables mentioned in the inventory made at Stenton after William Logan's death in 1772., Gift of Albanus C. Logan II, 1870.

Magnetic Dispensary
This painting satirically illustrates animal magnetism or magnetic therapy. On the wall are three pictures: Loutherbourg, an artist turned quack, Yeldell (with donkey ears) a follower of Mesmer, and probably de Mainaudiac, a doctor who advertised magnetic cures and animal magnetism. Also in the painting are packets of "Mag Snuff" and an open book that reads, "Magnetic Effluvia" and "List of Cures" with a dog urinating on it., Labels on the back read “1831 From James S. Earle & Sons, Earle’s Galleries, No. 816 Chestnut Street Philadelphia” and “Library Company of Philadelphia. 3775.”, Engraving in The Attic Miscellany. London: Bentley, 1791 (Vol. I, pictured on p. 121). Engraving is signed: Drawn by Collings, etched by Barlow, published by Bentley & Co., 1790.

Magnifying Mirror
LCP Minutes vol. 1, May 9, 1743, p. 133: "B. Franklin acquainted the Member Met, that he had lately received from London a Glass Concave of 12 Inches Diameter for Magnifying and burning, which he would present to the Library." Vol. 1, June 13, 1743, p. 133: "The Secretary informed that he has on the 21st of Last Month taken to the Library the Concave Mirror given by Mr. Franklin.", Gift of Benjamin Franklin, 1743.

Margaret Burke
Margaret Burke was the sister of Mathew Carey. Not long after her portrait was taken, she followed her brother to the United States. She married a Baltimore sea captain named James Burke, who presently abandoned her and their children. She moved to Philadelphia and for a while worked as a school mistress and a milliner., Gift of Mrs. H. Lea (Mary) Hudson, 1994.

Maria Hampton Brewster
Copy of an original by Thomas Buchanan Read., Bequest of Anne Hampton Brewster, 1892.

Market Scene- Woman with a Basket
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Market Scene- Woman with a Jug
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Mask of George Washington
In 1785, Houdon accompanied Benjamin Franklin to visit Washington at his Mount Vernon home. Houdon spent two weeks at Mount Vernon, sketching, measuring, and observing the General as well as creating this plaster life mask. He returned to Paris and used this mask to aid him in sculpting a marble, life-sized sculpture of Washington which still resides in the Richmond Capitol. There are four known copies of the mask in existence.

Mathew Carey
Gift of Mrs. H. Lea (Mary) Hudson, 1991., Exhibited in the Historical Society of Pennsylvania's exhibition, John Neagle: Philadelphia Portrait Painter (1989).

Mathew Carey
On the back of the canvas: "Painted by T[] Henry Smith 1886 from the original painted from life by John Neagle 1825.", LCP Annual Report 1886, p. 2: "The Company is indebted also to Mr. Henry C. Baird for the gift of a fine portrait of his grandfather, the late Matthew Carey, Esq...suitably acknowledged by the Board of Directors.", Gift of Henry Carey Baird, 1886.

Medallion of Benjamin Franklin
Medallion by Nini after a drawing by Thomas Walpole (1755-1840). Bas-relief profile portrait of Franklin facing to the left wearing a fur cap. Inscription around the circumference, “B. Franklin. Americain.” Stamped on the truncation under the shoulder, “Nini / F 1777” and shield bearing a lightning rod and thunderbolt, with a crown as its crest; below the truncation, “1777.”, Gift of Michael Robinson, 2014.

Medicine bottle.
Patent medicine bottle made in amber glass. Reads along the side of the bottle, Dr. H.S. Thacher’s Cholera Mixture Chattanooga, Tenn. Diamond embossed on the base. Henry Savage Thacher (1826-1898) was a chemist and apothecary who founded the Thacher Medicine Company in 1890. John Lupton bought the company in 1910, and the FDA later shut it down in the 1930s. The American Medicine Association and the federal government declared Dr. Thacher’s medicines to be quackery, that they made false and fraudulent claims, and that the ingredients were misbranded., Gift of Charles E. Rosenberg, 2017.

Meeting of Jacob and Esau
Depicts the meeting of Jacob and Esau from Genesis 33:4. Esau comes with an army, Jacob with his family, and the twin brothers embrace in the center. From the circle of Gillis van Coninxloo (Antwerp-Utrecht) or another Bruegel follower- an Antwerp painting., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Mehitabel Markoe
Mehitabel (Hitty) Cox was the daughter of James S. Cox of Bermuda, who became a prominent Philadelphian, and his wife Catherine Sitgreaves. Hitty married John Markoe in 1804., Gift of Dr. Mary De Witt Pettit, 1965.

Merchant's Exchange, Philadelphia
Merchant's Exchange, designed by William Strickland and constructed 1832-33, was one of the earliest stock exchanges in the United States., Gift of David Doret, 2002.

Merchant's Exchange, Philadelphia
Merchant's Exchange, designed by William Strickland and constructed 1832-33, was one of the earliest stock exchanges in the United States., Gift of David Doret, 2002.

Merchant's Exchange, Philadelphia
Merchant's Exchange, designed by William Strickland and constructed 1832-33, was one of the earliest stock exchanges in the United States., Gift of Michael Zinman, 1996.

A bronze figure of Mercury striding with right hand raised, left foot emerging. He wears his winged sandals "talaria.", Bronze statuary and pedestal set in a marble base.

Meschianza Mirror
This richly decorated frame has carved and gilded moldings with pendants of leaves, blossoms, and fruit. Lettered around the frame in gilt reads, “Mischianza-1778. / This mirror was in the ballroom of the Wharton House, Philadelphia at the above date & on the occasion of above fête./ General Meredith Read’s André relics.” The Meschianza ended with a ball, which took place in an elaborate canvas tent. The interior of the tent was painted and decorated with mirrors (including this one) and chandeliers, many of them borrowed from neighboring mansions., Gift of Mrs. John Meredith Read, 1900., Exhibited in the Philadelphia Museum of Art's exhibition, Art in Revolutionary Philadelphia (2010-2011).

Metal Die: Benjamin Rush
Die of a Benjamin Rush commemorative medal. This die is the Obverse of the medal. (Reverse is OBJ 248)., Inscribed: "Benjamin Rush M.D. of Philadelphia.", Bequest of Dr. James Rush.

Metal Die: Sydenham
Die of a Benjamin Rush commemorative medal. This die is the Reverse side of the medal. (Obverse is OBJ 249.), Inscribed: “Sydenham, Read Think Observe MDCCCVIII.” Sydenham was Rush's country home. Depicts a flowing river. In the background is a setting sun with clouds and mountains; there are large trees in the foreground. In front a block of stone with " Read, Think, Observe" and upon this an open book. Beneath, to the right, M. Furst Fec., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Minerva as Patroness of American Liberty
Gift of the Continental Congress, ca. 1800., Exhibited in the Library Company and Historical Society of Pennsylvania's exhibition, Women 1500-1900 (1974). Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Miscellaneous artifacts found during the Cassatt House renovation
1. Envelope addressed to “Mr. C.F. Brice 1320 Locust St. Philadelphia PA.” Postmarked, “Philadelphia PA Jun 19 3-PM.” Return address states, “If not delivered in 5 days, return to The Continental Title and Trust Co. Twelfth Street Above Chestnut Philadelphia Insures Titles-Issues Searches Acts as Executer, Administrator, Trustee, Guardian Agent, &c., and as Surety for Persons so Acting Deposits Received, Interest Allowed.” Right corner of envelope missing, appears burned. 2. Envelope, left side badly damaged, perhaps water? Addressed to ?emer, Locust St., ? City. Postmarked, Philadelphia, PA 1909 with a one cent stamp. Return address is “George Miller & Son Co. Importers of Mandarin Fire Crackers, Fire Works, Etc. Nos [2]55 to 263 South Third St. Philadelphia, PA.” Below is a picture of fireworks. 3. Label ripped in two pieces. Appears to have a hole burned through the larger piece. The label says, “H…Children” with pictures of children surrounding, all in blue. Scant bits of the address remain; the rest is torn away. 4. Brochure for “Miller’s Fireworks 255-263 SO. THIRD ST., PHILADELPHIA.” For the Fourth of July, 1909, lists the different fireworks and their prices. Booklet is torn in half but repaired with tape. Much of the top half is faded but still legible. 5. Instructions for restarting the “gas lights” by turning off and turning on “switches” to determine the area in the house that is causing the problem. Typed. 6. Matchbox. Ads for “Hanscom Restaurants” and “Protection from Fire.” 7. Book of matches. “Safety BookMatches” “The Diamond Match Co.” 8. Small envelope from “The Bailey, Banks & Biddle Company Philadelphia, PA.” which included samples of their stationary. Lists two different sheets with their price., Found at the Cassatt House, 2000-2001.

Model for the Ridgway Library
The Ridgway Library was built with a million dollar bequest from Dr. James Rush with the condition that he would choose the site. It was named in honor of Dr. Rush’s wife, Phoebe Ann Ridgway Rush., This model was made for comparative purposes in choosing the architecture for the Ridgway Branch of the Library Company. The model was supplied by Addison Hutton, the architect of the Ridgway Library at Broad and Christian Streets., Made for the Library Company, ca. 1870.

Mountainous Landscape with Bridge
Bequest of Dr. James Rush.

Mountains with Cottage and Person with Cart
Signed and dated., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Mrs. Zachariah Poulson [Susannah Knorr Poulson]
Susannah Knorr was born in Germantown in 1756. She married Zachariah Poulson in 1780., Purchased by the Library Company, 2011.

Mummers badges
Nine badges with silk and metallic trim and a photo portrait on each. M. A. Bruder New Years Association, Comic Club. These badges were worn as identification badges by club members in the parade. Some were marked President, Treasurer, etc. Some were dated and worn only once. As much work went into making the badges as costumes. Mostly Comics and Fancies wore badges. Many of the Comic and Fancy clubs marched for a few years and then died out or combined with other clubs.

Mummy's Hand
On the top of the box is a label in Francis Hopkinson's hand that reads: “Woman's Hand taken from an Egyptian Mummy: presented to the Library Company of Philadelphia by Mr. Benjamin West formerly of this City, but now of London - Historical Painter - November 1767.”, LCP Minutes vol. 1, Dec. 14, 1767, p. 253: “He [the secretary, Francis Hopkinson] reported that Mr. Benjamin West formerly of this City; but now of London, Historical Painter had presented the Company, with his respectful Complts. a Woman's Hand taken from an Egyptian Mummy in good Preservation. Ordered that the Secretary in the Name of this Board return Mr. West their respectful Complts. with many Thanks for the Present he has been pleased to make them; being a real & valuable Curiosity; but more particularly as Instance of Regard from a gentleman of this City who has distinguished himself by his extraordinary Abilities.”, Gift of Benjamin West, 1767., Exhibited in the Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Nail from Christ Church, Philadelphia
Nail from Christ Church. Reads, “Christ Church in Phila. 1695.” Encased in plastic?

Nathaniel Bowditch
Inscription on left side reads: “Dr. Bowditch, LLD. Executed in marble by Ball Hughes for the Society of Arts and Sciences, Boston. ” on right side; “Ball Hughes, / Phila.a / 1839, / Sculptor” on left side; and “TRAITÉ DE / MECHANIQUE CELESTE / A La Place” on spine of book at base. The book at the base is by Pierre Simon, marquis de Laplace (1749-1827), which was translated into English by Bowditch., LCP Minutes vol. 6, April 6, 1848, p. 294: "A bust of the late Nathaniel Bowditch was offered for sale for twelve dollars, and the Treasurer was authorized to purchase it at that price."

New York Harbor - View of New York from Upper Bay near Bedloes Island
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869., Exhibited in the Philadelphia Maritime Museum's exhibition,Thomas Birch 1779-1851: Paintings and Drawings (1966).

Oakum taken from the USS Constitution
Label reads: “Oakum taken out of the Constitution Oct. 16th, 1847 put in at the time the Constitution was built, 1797.”

An inscription on the side reads: "Model of the only obelisk now standing at Heliopolis the One of the Scriptures erected by Osortseen the 1st, the earliest of the Pharaohs whose name is found in the Hieroglyphics.”

Old Tun Tavern.
David Doret and Linda G. Mitchell Collection, 2018., Label on the front reads: Old Tun Tavern, Philadelphia, Where the First Grand □ of F. & A.M. was Held in America. Tun Tavern stood at the intersection of King (later Water) Street and Wilcox (later Tun) Alley. It was the location of the first lodge of Free and Accepted Masons in the colonies as early as 1732. The June 26, 1732 Pennsylvania Gazette contains an announcement of William Allen being chosen Grand Master. The Tavern is also regarded as the location where the United States Marines held their first recruitment drive in 1775. In 1781, Tun Tavern burned down. A reproduction was built on the grounds of the 1926 Sesquicentennial and demolished after the exposition ended.

Oval spectacles
Round spectacles marked "McAllister Philad" "18" with extendable temples. Missing lenses., Gift of Dr. Vincent J. Marchese, 2013.

Peace Medal (From the Friendly Association for Regaining and Preserving Peace with the Indians)
Presentation medal with the bust of King George II on the obverse and, on the reverse, a Quaker holding a peace pipe at a council fire with an Indian. Duffield, a clockmaker, engraved the die; the silversmith Richardson struck it. It was the first peace medal made in America. Benjamin Franklin and members of the Friendly Association would distribute these medals to Native Americans as tokens of goodwill., Exhibited in: Benjamin Franklin: In Search of a Better World (2005-2007); Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Pewter Plate
Stamps on the back indicate it was made 1697-1720: a lion’s head erased; Britannia; “London”; an indistinguishable mark that may have once been a date letter; a crowned X; a touch mark of either AMH or A & H; and two identical marls of a spread eagle between towers., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

Philadelphia Centennial Bandanna
Printed in sepia with dark blue border/background. Reads, "Centennial International" at the top and "Exhibition, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, 1776-1876" at the bottom. Depicts scenes of the exhibition buildings with "Memorial Hall, Art Gallery" in the center, "Main Exhibition Building" and "the Machinery Hall" at the top, and "The Agricultural Hall" and "The Horticultural Hall" at the bottom. At the top center there is an eagle with a shield and an "E-Pluribus Unum" banner., Gift of Michael Zinman, 2008. (Part of the Michael Zinman World's Fair Collection.)

Philadelphia Founders Week Commemorative Medal
Medal of William Penn with "1683-1908, Founders Week." Attached to a blue and yellow ribbon which reads, "City Council." Engraved, George Morris Abbott on the reverse.

Philadelphia Harbor from the South
Philadelphia landmarks in the painting include Spark’s Shot Tower on the left, the steeple of Christ Church in the center, as well as the Old Navy Yard. Anchored in front of the Navy Yard is what is believed to be the U.S.S. Pennsylvania, which is thought to be the largest sailing man-of-war ever built in the United States. At the right is the steamboat Robert Morris, built in 1830., Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869., Exhibited in: Philadelphia Maritime Museum's exhibition, Thomas Birch, 1779 - 1851, Paintings and Drawings (1966); American Paintings of Ports and Harbors at the Cummer Gallery of Art, Jacksonville, Florida and the Norfolk Museum of Arts and Sciences (1969); Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981).

Philadelphia Public Buildings, 1876
Depicts City Hall with "Philadelphia Public Buildings 1876" underneath. On the back is stamped, "F.R. Pratt and Co., Fenton, Staffordshire" and a retailer's stamp, "R. J. Allen, Son & Co., 309/311 Market St. Philadelphia.", Gift of Walter Brenner, 1984.

Picture of a sailing ship in stormy sea
Bequest of Dr. James Rush, 1869.

The scene of two lovers in a landscape is tinted green; the floral border is tinted maroon., Possibly used as a purely decorative hanging plaque or for the purposes of acting as an example in a bookbinder's shop., Gift of Wendy Woloson, 2005., Inscription on the back, "Design by Gobrecht x Tinted and cast by Clas. Hazeltine."

A scene of two lovers in a landscape with a raised border. Tinted black. Inscription on the back, "H.", Possibly used as a purely decorative hanging plaque or for the purposes of acting as an example in a bookbinder's shop., Gift of Wendy Woloson, 2005.

Pocket watch
Gold pocket watch with rack-lever escapement (Peter Litherland's patent of 1791) by Robert Roskell of Liverpool. The mechanism is signed, “R. Roskell Liverpool 6015” “Patent.” Cream dial with Roman numerals and gold hands. Gold case, eighteen carats, by Thomas Helsby of Chester, with Chester assay office marks for assay year 1809/10. Key wound (with key). Includes watch papers with MS of formulas (see accession file for more details)., Owned by Mathew Carey (1760-1839)., Gift of Mrs. Francis Carey Lea, Jr. in memory of Francis Carey Lea, Jr., 2011.

Political campaign medal "Harrison The People's Choice"
Political campaign medal promoting William Henry Harrison for president., Inscribed, “Maj. Gen. W.H. Harrison.” The reverse reads, “The People’s Choice, the Hero of Tippecanoe.”

Political campaign medal, Harrison/Tyler
Political campaign medal promoting William Henry Harrison for president and John Tyler for vice president., Obv.: military bust of Harrison with the inscription: “Maj. Gen. W.H. Harrison 1841.” On the reverse side an eagle is depicted with the inscription, “Go it Tip Come it Tyler.” There is a small hole at the top of the medal.

Poor Richard Club pin.
Pin for the Poor Richard Club, which was a private club in Philadelphia founded in 1906, whose members were mostly in the advertising industry. Reads on the front, “Poor Richard Club, Philadelphia,” with a left facing profile of Benjamin Franklin. Name in ink filled in on the front “E.H. Peterson.” Marked on the Back “W&H Co.” and “The Whitehead & Hoag Co. Newark, NJ”, Gift of Chris Neopolitan, 2017.

Primary Lessons No. 5
“Primary Lessons. No. 5” at the top and within a decorative border includes nine poems. There are four relief prints along the top that illustrate the poems. Stamped, Boston Chemical Printing Company, at the bottom., Contents: The Birth-day (first lines: Try me, father, try me, and mark me on the wall) -- The School (first lines: School is out, but do not shout) -- Invitation to a little bird (first lines: Little bird, roam, quick to my home) -- The Bird's answer (first lines: I thank you, my dear, but I'd rather live here) -- Invitation to a little ant (first line: Run here, little ant, for the pretty bird can't) -- The Ant's answer (first line: Stop, stop, little miss) -- Little Mary (first line: Little Mary was good) -- Mama and the baby (first line: What a little thing am I) -- My mother's sweet kiss (first line: I have learned my lesson)., Bequest of S. Robert Teitelman, 2009.

Primary Lessons No. 8
Within a decorative border is “Primary Lessons, No. 8.” Includes five poems, with three relief prints that illustrate the poems. Stamped, Boston Chemical Printing Company, at the bottom. Hemmed around the edges by hand., Contents: The Little child (first line: See me, I am a little child) -- A Morning prayer (first lines: Awaked from sleep, O God to thee I lift my heart, and bow my knee) -- The Child's time table (first line: Sixty seconds make a minute) -- The Infant school boy (first lines: Pray, how can I, a little lad, in speaking make a figure?) -- Anna and her chicken (first line: Mamma, my little chicken see)., Bequest of S. Robert Teitelman, 2009.

Reverend Samuel Preston
This portrait is signed and dated, lower right, B. West, 1797. “Presented by Elizh West 1804” hand lettered on the frame, bottom center., Reverend Samuel Preston was an English cleric who never visited America, but nevertheless bequeathed to the Library Company his rich collection of 2,500 illustrated volumes on history, geography, and the arts. It is possible that West induced him to give his valuable collection to the Library Company., Gift of Elizabeth West (Mrs. Benjamin West), 1804., Exhibited in: Newark Museum's exhibition, An Exhibition of American Painting from 1700 to 1900 (1931); the Art Center in West Chester's exhibition, Yesterday in Chester County Art (1936); Pennsylvania Museum of Art's exhibition, Benjamin West, 1738-1820 (1938); Library Company's exhibition, Quarter of a Millennium (1981); Philadelphia Museum of Art's exhibition, Benjamin West in Pennsylvania Collections (1986); Library Company's exhibition, In Living Color: Collecting Color Plate Books (2007)., Library Company Minutes vol. 5, May 6, 1819, p. 57 :"Thomas Sully and John Vaughan, a Committee on behalf of the Academy of Fine Arts having requested the loan of West's picture of Preston to be exhibited in their Hall, it was agreed to, they engaging to return it uninjured at the end of two months."

Ribbon for the funeral ceremonies of Lafayette
White silk satin ribbon. At the top of the ribbon is an American eagle with a shield of the republic on its breast which is sewn to a black five-pointed star in folded gauze. Letterpress and wood engraving of a funerary urn and weeping willow tree, on a base with a portrait of Lafayette. The base is flanked by French and American flags. Atop of the tree is an eagle that holds in its beak a banderole that reads, “a grateful nation’s mournful tribute.” Written at the bottom, “Gen. Gilbert Mottier Lafayette, born at Auvergne, Sept. 6th 1757. Died May 20th, 1834, aged 76 years 8 months, and 14 days, Funeral Obsequies performed to his memory, July 21, 1834, Philadelphia.”, Various fire companies, trade associations, and civic societies marched in the parade., Gift of Davida Deutsch, 2011.

Sabbath School Handkerchief
Decorative handkerchief with three hymns, the first with music, Sabbath School Hymn; We Never Part From Thee; The Golden Rule. Decorative border with a pattern of leaves encircling the text. Image of a Sunday school teacher and children at the top along with open books. Stamped, Boston Chemical Printing Company, at the bottom. Printed within the circle, “Sabbath Schools first instituted by Robert Raikes in Gloucester, Eng. A.D. 1782.”, Sabbath school hymn; first line: Where do children love to go. We never part from Thee; first line: God, who dwellest every where. The Golden rule; first line: Love God with all your soul and strength., Bequest of S. Robert Teitelman, 2009.

Sampler of Moyamensing Public School
“Margaret Stevenson Moyamensing Public School” on the sampler along with a building and floral design around the border.